Twinning Open Data Operational

Funded within Horizon2020 Twinning programme


06.09.2022, 14:14
The UNIZG visited the University of the Aegean (UAEGEAN) from August 30th  till September 3rd 2022. including staff and ESRs from Faculty of…
31.08.2022, 10:56
After the many online project meetings in 2021, we were able to hold one in person. On August 25, we welcomed our partners from Delft University of…
12.07.2022, 17:55
Save the date: October 10th, 2022, as our free e-course on best practices for open data is Croatia is ready to start in October! With the official…
04.07.2022, 13:16
The International Open Data Conference organised by the Twinning Open Data Operational Project Consortium seeks to address current challenges of open…
27.05.2022, 16:45
In order to empower cooperation and sustainability, as part of activities (T6.3) Follow up project proposals, Faculty of Organization and Informatics…
18.05.2022, 09:50
TODO Fifth newsletter is published in May 2022.  We provide an overview of TODO project activities that project members have been diligently working…

Project analytics

Progress within core work packages

WP 1: Management and Coordination
WP2: Capacity building
WP3: ESRs training and Joint Supervision
WP4: Collaboration and Knowledge Sharing
WP5: Dissemination and Outreach
WP6: Sustainability

GNU General Public Licence (GPL)

The GNU General Public License is a free, “copyleft” license for software and other kinds of works in a sense that it protects the freedoms – the rights - of users of thus licensed software instead of focusing on the moral and material rights of authors within the recognized and almost universally accepted framework of copyright and neighbouring rights.


Geographical Information System, any computer system designed to read, display, analyse and manipulate geodata.

Source: ODH


Key EU legislation on the personal data protection and privacy. The General Data Protection Regulation (EU)2016/679 is in force since May 2018 in the EU and EEA countries. It aims to give the individuals control over their personal data, requires all data controllers to establish procedures and safeguards, and is very strict towards breaches committed by private companies.

Formal open standard

As defined by the OD Directive, ‘formal open standard’ means a standard which has been laid down in written form, detailing specifications for the requirements on how to ensure software interoperability.

Source: OD Directive


‘Friend of a friend’ is a machine-readable descriptive vocabulary of persons, their activities and their relations to other people and objects. FOAF allows groups of people to describe social networks without the need for a centralised database.

Five stars of open data

A rating system for open data proposed by Tim Berners-Lee, founder of the World Wide Web. To score the maximum five stars, data must (1) be available on the Web under an open licence, (2) be in the form of structured data, (3) be in a non-proprietary file format, (4) use URIs as its identifiers (see also RDF), (5) include links to other data sources (see linked data). To score 3 stars, it must satisfy all of (1)-(3), etc.

File format

The description of how a file is represented on a computer disk. The format usually corresponds to the last part of the file name (‘extension’), e.g. a file in CSV format might be called schools-list.csv. The file format refers to the internal format of the file, not how it is displayed to users. E.g.

FAIR data

Data meeting the concepts of findability, accessibility, interoperability, and reusability, defined as a set of more detailed measurable principles. Designed with the scientific data reusability in mind, FAIR principles put specific emphasis on enhancing the ability of machines to automatically find and use the data, in addition to supporting its reuse by individuals. While FAIR data can also be open data, this might not be true in every case.

Expert system

In artificial intelligence, an expert system is a computer system that emulates the decision-making ability of a human expert and represents one of the current applicable results of machine learning and a possible step towards development of Artificial Intelligence.

Exclusive arrangements

The legal situation in which one user has an exclusive right to re-use a dataset, excluding others from such a re-use. The OD Directive in general prohibits the of exclusive arrangements making the re-use of documents open to all potential actors in the market, even if one or more market actors already exploit added-value products based on those documents.

Enabling a user-driven, sustainable and fair open data ecosystem through interdisciplinary research and education.

Delft University of Technology

Establishing the interdisciplinary approach in open data research towards addressing the societal, political and economic challenges.

University of the Aegean

Dealing with challenges and grasping new opportunities with reliable, up-to-date and easily accessible data to increase efficiency in planning, producing and delivering food to consumers.

Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb

Information technologies drive open data to make government more transparent, science more visible and society more empowered.

Faculty of Organization and Informatics, University of Zagreb

Advancing technological foundations of open data as the cornerstone of an innovative society. 

Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb

Open traffic data provide reliable information for statistics, planning and real-time user information in interdisciplinary area. Vast amount of traffic data is essential for traffic and transport planning.

Faculty of Transport and Traffic Sciences, University of Zagreb

Geospatial data is one of the cornerstones of information society and the ongoing digital revolution. The vision of the University of Zagreb Faculty of Geodesy is realizing the full potential of the geospatial data - active research, promotion and education throughout the interdisciplinary approach.

Faculty of Geodesy, University of Zagreb